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Macroeconomic climate

A more restrictive economic policy as well as debt problems affecting many advanced national economies led to a slowdown in the economic recovery in the year under review. Uncertainties as to the outlook for the global economy caused the climate in the major economic areas to deteriorate overall in the course of the year. The European sovereign debt crisis was a particularly significant factor in this regard. Yet doubts about the state of the financial sector also played a part in the more depressed mood.

Economic developments again varied widely from region to region. Emerging markets once more proved to be a pillar of the global economy in 2011, although they were unable to maintain the strong growth of previous years. It remains the case that Asian countries recorded the most vigorous growth rates among the emerging markets. The industrial nations were faced with considerable difficulties. Nagging structural problems and the necessity of fiscal consolidation were reflected in sometimes sharp drops in economic output. All in all, the global economy is estimated to have grown by around 3.8% – compared to 5.1% in the previous year.


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